The CPI(M) was formed in Calcutta from 31 October to 7 November 1964. Left Front contested only 26 out of 42 seats. [13], According to an unnamed Western diplomat, quoted in India Today in regards to the polls, "Bengali democracy has come really close to the East European variant of the 'people's democracy' where nobody expects an upsetting victory or defeat". [3][28] CPI(M) had fielded 205 candidates (excluding minor parties contesting on CPI(M) tickets), CPI 11, AIFB 34, RSP 23, MFB 2, RCPI 2, DSP 2, WBSP 4 and BBC 1. [26][27] CPI(M) won 27 seats, CPI 3 seats, AIFB 3 seats and RSP 4 seats. The election was won by the Left Front, for the third time in a row. Likewise, a land dispute issue surged over a planned chemical factory in Nandigram. [3], As of the early 1980s the Congress(I) was heavily divided in West Bengal. [81], Ahead of the 2016 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election the Left Front presented a first list with 116 candidates on 7 March 2016. [46] The by-election, as it occurred just months before the 2001 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election, was attached crucial importance. The first phase was held in Naxalite-Maoist affected Red corridor areas with two polling dates: 4 April and 11 April. Members of the Legislative assembly are directly elected by the people. [14] These two conflicts put severe strains on the Left Front 2007–2008. [28] MFB fielded 1 candidate on an independent ticket and 1 candidate on CPI(M) ticket. [69] MFB continued to contest the Jamapur seat, however. [6], In Calcutta Congress(I) managed to win 11 out of 22 seats. [4], The Left Front has its roots in various past platforms of collaboration of West Bengal left parties and anti-Indian National Congress forces. [6] The IC(S) performed poorly in the 1982 assembly elections and a merger of the West Bengal units of the (S) and Congress(I) took place soon after the 1982 polls. [61] Only in the Cooch Behar District did the Left Front suffer a reversal of fortunes. [25], CPI(M) won 187 seats, CPI 11 seats, AIFB 26 seats, 18 seats, WBSP 4 seats, MFB 2 seats, DSP 2 seats and RCPI 1 seat. 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[3][14][44] Buddhadev Bhattacharya was sworn in as new Chief Minister on 6 November 2000. While the ruling Trinamool Congress (TMC), led by its supremo Mamata Banerjee, would be fighting for its third term, the BJP, which has made impressive gains in the 2019 Lok Sabha polls clinching 18 of the 42 seats, is now eyeing the West Bengal assembly. Former CPI-M legislator Robbin Deb also stressed that the voter list is flawed. The Left Front ruled the state for seven consecutive terms 1977–2011, five with Jyoti Basu as Chief Minister and two under Buddhadev Bhattacharya. During this time, if the name of the voter above 18 years is not present in the voter list, then it will be added. [3][15] Minor coalition partners expressed concern over inviting multinational corporations to invest in West Bengal. [7], The Bharatiya Janata Party contested the West Bengal assembly election for the first time in 1982. The Left Front supported Janata Dal candidates in 8 constituencies, mainly in and around Calcutta, as well as 1 candidate of the All India Gorkha League and 1 candidate of the Communist Revolutionary League of India. [35] The Left Front fielded the ex-mayor and 4-term minister Prasanta Sur to contest against Trinamool Congress leader Mamata Banerjee for the Calcutta South seat, but Sur failed to defeat Banerjee. [71], Ahead of the 2014 Lok Sabha election the Samajwadi Party (with whom the WBSP had merged) parted ways with the Left Front. [22][94] Sailen Dasgupta served as chairman of the Left Front Committee from 1990 until his death in 2011. [5][20] Some of the older, smaller Left Front constituents were uncomfortable with the expansion of the alliance, claiming that CPI(M) was diluting it politically. The 2014 Indian general election polls in Kerala were held for the twenty Lok Sabha seats in the state on 10 April 2014. [9] The Left Front government was also credited with coping with the refugee situation created by the Bangladesh Liberation War and severe floods. On 1 November 1956, under States Reorganisation Act, 1956, a portion of the Purnea district east of the river Mahananda and the Purulia sub-district of the Manbhum district in the south (except Char Thana) were transferred from Bihar to West Bengal. This page was last edited on 10 November 2020, at 13:32. Prafulla Chandra Ghosh of INC, a part of Progressive Democratic Front led by INC from Nov. 1967-1968. [1] [35][37], A mammoth United Front, the national alliance backed by the left at the time, election meeting was held in Calcutta on 31 January 1998 with Jyoti Basu as the main speaker. The NDA has won 125 seats in the 243-member Bihar assembly, results of which were declared on Tuesday. The 1977 election marked the beginning of the 34-year Left Front rule in West Bengal, with Communist Party of India leader Jyoti Basu leading the first Left Front cabinet. [42], CPI(M) won 21 seats, CPI 3 seats, AIFB 2 seats and RSP 3 seats. [42][43] The Left Front fielded nine new candidates; two sitting CPI(M) MPs were replaced (Ananda Pathak from Darjeeling and Ajoy Mukherjee from Krishnanagar). Elections in Maharashtra, a state in India, are conducted in accordance with the Constitution of India. Rajya Sabha elections were held on various dates in 2011, to elect members of the Rajya Sabha, Indian Parliament's upper chamber. [19] CPI(M) won 28 seats, CPI 3 seats, AIFB 3 seats and RSP 4 seats. [5], Congress(I) emerged as the largest opposition party in the election. [22] Kumar was proposed as a candidate for a Rajya Sabha seat on behalf of the Left Front in 1984, but that move did not go down well with RSP and AIFB. While AIMIM had won 3 seats and is leading on 2. [91] The combined Left Front vote (excluding allies) was 14,216,327 (26% of the votes in the state). [14], In the 1987 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election the Left Front increased its share of seats to 251. Jadavpur is an assembly constituency in South 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of EWest Bengal. [7] CPI(M) won 17 seats, AIFB 3 seats and RSP 3 seats. Amit Shah has lunch at residence of Matua family - Significance of Matuas in West Bengal politics . Though a formal alliance is a first, the CPM and Congress had a tacit understanding to take on Mamata Banerjee’s Trinamool Congress in the 2016 assembly election and … Divisions existed in each of the appointed ad hoc district committees across the state. [6] As Finance Minister Mitra had cracked down on the Sanchaita Savings Company, whose 'get-rich-quick' scheme had some 4,000 depositors in his constituency. [26] The Left Front vote in West Bengal, including the votes for the JD candidate, reached 16,284,415 votes (50.6% of the votes cast in the state). That calls for the alliance to discard the lethargy induced by the loss of office and be at least a vibrant Opposition in the street and the assembly, offer a counter to Mamata’s governance agenda and patronage politics as well as the BJP’s identity politics. [36] AIFB lost the Barasat seat to Trinamool Congress. Sealdah was an assembly constituency in Kolkata district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Together, the CPM and Congress had gathered over 32 per cent votes in the 2016 election, which is substantial in a multi-polar polity. [3] There were also disagreements on distribution of ministerial portfolios after the expansion of the alliance. The tried, tested and failed leadership of these parties seems hardly in a position to present a new agenda and capture the narrative. [33] However, in terms of votes the Left Front and the five JD candidates got 18,143,795 votes (49.3%). Other parties joined in later years, most notably the CPI. [1] The Left Front manifesto has similarities with the past 32-point United Front manifesto. With CPI(M) announcing that the party will join hands with Congress in Bengal, a lot is set to change. [9], In the wake of the 1980 Gorkhaland movement, a poll boycott campaign took place in the Darjeeling hills with the slogan "No State, No Vote". [23] Another 15 cabinet ministers and 22 Ministers of State were sworn in on 2 June 1982. Following the 2019 general election, it is currently the fifth-largest party in the Lok Sabha with 22 seats. [7], Ahead of the subsequent June 1977 West Bengal Legislative Assembly elections seat-sharing talks between the Left Front and the Janata Party broke down. [74] The Left Front vote in West Bengal was 15,287,783 votes (29.9% of the votes cast in the state). [6], In the 1977 Lok Sabha election the Left Front contested 26 out of the 42 West Bengal Lok Sabha constituencies; CPI(M) fielded candidates for 20 seats, RSP 3 seats and AIFB 3 seats. JDU tally lowest in 15 yrs, Nitish ‘unwilling’ but BJP persuades him to stay Bihar CM, Bhupendra Yadav: Stand by BJP decision to continue Nitish as CM, Asadududdin Owaisi: Don't let crowds mislead... not easy changing to votes, On Seat No. [15] CPI(M) leader Jyoti Basu remained as Chief Minister, being sworn in for a second term. West Bengal, clearly, is poised to see a three-cornered contest. [75][76][77][78][79][80] In 2014 the 16 party alliance pledged to commemorate 6 December (the day of the destruction of Babri Masjid) as Communal Harmony Day. [42] CPI(M) fielded new faces in five Calcutta constituencies. [45] Mukherjee had held the seat since 1980. [69], In 2013 the Left Front was routed in the elections to the Howrah Municipal Corporation, losing control over the town for the first time in three decades.