'” wrote The New York Times the next day. For the Bronx, that yang was comprised of the New York Yankees ending their 15-year-long championship drought and the birth of Hip-Hop. "There was a genuine breakdown in the city's self-confidence.". At the same time, the South Bronx does not represent a classic "gentrification," whereby higher income people repopulate an area, driving out the lower income residents. Further, the nation was experiencing an explosion in the crime rate, with the greatest increases occurring in the inner cities. Police statistics show that as the crime wave moved north across the Bronx, the remaining white tenants in the South Bronx (mostly elderly Jews) were preferentially targeted for violent crime by the influx of young, minority criminals because they were seen as easy prey; this became so common that the street slang terms "crib job" (meaning how elderly residents were as helpless as infants) and "push in" (meaning what would now be called a home invasion robbery) were coined specifically in reference to them. A group of young members of the Guardian Angels assemble for a photo on a set of subway stairs. ", "Militant display, window, Bushwick, Brooklyn. Yankees manager Billy Martin (right) and the team's strutting superstar, Reggie Jackson (left), nearly come to blows. The South Bronx: By 1975, the South Bronx was the most devastated urban landscape in the United States. Son of Sam, into police headquarters following his arrest. Its precincts have recorded high violent crime rates and are all considered to be New York City Police Department "impact zones. 3.4 The South Bronx is becoming a community of home owners, rather than renters. But, urban expressways did not destroy the north side of Chicago, the south side of Los Angeles, or Seattle's north side, etc. Bronx, New York. In the late 1970s, there had been considerable amounts of conventional federal funding. In 1970, the national per capita income was $3,900. Hip-Hop-obsessive youth at a Rap Flash party at Disco Fever. The South Bronx was originally called the Manor of Morrisania, and later Morrisania. Success: Government Assisted Market Restoration & Local Effort: Nonetheless, the ultimate revival of the South Bronx also was the result of government policies.. At a time when households were concerned about security, Co-op City provided a much safer environment. The area of the city most distressed during this period was the south Bronx, located just to the north of Manhattan Island (Manhattan houses the city's business core, second largest in the world after central Tokyo). There is also the usual temptation to blame Robert Moses and his expressway building, which cut swaths across the community. By the late 1960s, the courts were beginning to require mandatory busing of school children for racial balance. The expressway is now known to have been a factor in the extreme urban decay seen by the borough in the 1970s and 1980s. The success occurred because government created the conditions that allowed the market to be restored. Community School Districts 7, 8, 9, and 12 are located in the South Bronx. The impoverished, crime-ridden, and decaying New York City of the 1970s bears almost no resemblance to the booming metropolis of 2019. Gang leader Eddie Cuevas standing tall with a few of his Reapers members. On July 5, 2007, 1520 Sedgwick Avenue was recognized by the New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation as the "Birthplace of Hip-Hop."[67][68]. Starting in the 1970s, the Bronx often symbolized violence, decay, and urban ruin. Bronx, New York. By 1980, the 41st Precinct was renamed the "Little House on the Prairie",[20] as fully ​2⁄3 of the 94,000 residents originally served by the precinct had fled, leaving the fortified building as one of the few structures in the neighborhood (and the sole building on Simpson Street) that had not been abandoned or burnt out.[27]. Cause: Government Policies: The devastation of the South Bronx can be largely blamed on public policy and urban planning. At the same time, the South Bronx does not represent a classic "gentrification," whereby higher income people repopulate an area, driving out the lower income residents. In what former Bronx borough president and Congressman Herman Badillo called "the worst mistake of all," local and state authorities built Co-op City, the nation's largest multi-family housing development in the extreme northeast corner of the Bronx. This encouraged slumlords and absentee landlords to neglect and ignore their property and allowed for gangs to set up protected enclaves and lay claim to entire buildings, which then spread crime and fear of crime to nearby unaffected apartments in a domino effect. By the late 1960s, the courts were beginning to require mandatory busing of school children for racial balance. A South Bronx Greenway[71] currently connects the South Bronx over the Bronx Kill to Randalls Island on a bike and pedestrian pathway known as the Bronx Connector. Arthur Pomerantz/New York Post Archives/NYP Holdings, Inc./Getty Images.