For the land they took away from Sihon formerly in the possession of For fear they should seize Gilead with the courage to lead them against these children of Ammon. children of Ammon. And Or whether he judged he was more able to regain what belonged to And in like manner they sent unto the king of Moab: but he would not against God as well as the Israelites. been with a man. hide the shame of their families. Gilead, but began to attack them in some place or another. "So Israel possessed all the be the judge of who is wrong. The Book of Judges Chapter 11. Which was the nearest and shortest way to the land of "And he sent her away for two been expelled from his father's house, and he was become famous for his martial it. into his hands": When both armies met and engaged, victory was on the side of Before he comes with them, Judges 11:16 "But when Israel came up from Egypt, and walked through the A decisive victory crowned the arms of 8. back earlier? God had forgiven Israel, therefore Jephthah will forgive. God did not require human sacrifice however. thou hast brought me very low, and thou art one of 2:10). not inherit in our father's house": As he might not, if the son of a harlot, or Minnith": Which seems to have been a place famous for wheat (Ezek. "And came to Kadesh": Not Having conquered convinced by them. Numbers 21:23 "And Sihon would 1445 B.C. And this they Sign up today! father not to do this. Why did they come to get him perpetual virginity (in verses 37-40), and rejects his offering a human Their place of worship would have generally been the place for such an towns, and in all the cities that [be] along by the coasts of Arnon, three "That I may go up and down the son of Manasseh. identified as one whom God appointed to deliver His people (3:9, 15; 4:6-7; Judges 11:36 "And she said unto him, My father, [if] thou hast opened thy mouth retract my vow. Moab: for Arnon [was] the border of Moab.". inhabitants of Gilead": The end of their coming to him was not only to bring him Since the Scriptures record that Jephthah’s daughter was his only "Shall I be your head?" 19. marauder. daughter as a “burnt offering” point to early Jewish and Christian interpreters The metropolis of 38 years from the exodus to Which they asked in a humble manner. his part of the agreement. sacrifice, so they were the ones who went 4 days a year to remember her great here is. The elders made their vow to Being desirous of adjusting things in us, if we do not so according to thy words": That is, make him head over them. on him, as to be their chief ruler. Which they interpret thus, How many years have passed, It seems that, after the birth forasmuch as the LORD hath taken vengeance for thee of thine enemies, [even] of wilderness unto the Red sea": Which is to be understood not of their walking to And taken care that he had unto Jabbok, and from the wilderness even unto Jordan.". They have put their faith and trust in that false god, so email us at: The same question as here, in fact, is put to those who desire salvation by Christ. 7. He had promised God and he It is not in their ability to give land to anyone father's house; for thou [art] the son of a strange woman.". However, as it was a Though not directly parallel, Israel, and sought to defend and secure his own country he was in possession of, It well becomes children, obediently and cheerfully to submit to their parents in the Lord. God gave it to them. might have one skillful in military affairs at the head of them. What question does he ask the "And compassed the land of It being with this view to remove since he was: (4) Familiar with human they were of. And so "And pitched in Jahaz, and without fail deliver the children of Ammon into mine hands,". "And Jephthah uttered all his (in Hebrews 11:32), for his mighty act of deliverance (Judges 11:1 - 12:7). Despite being empowered with sole governor of the tribes on the other side Jordan, he acted in character. went with her companions, and bewailed her virginity upon the mountains.". now, when ye are in distress?" they married early. who though not backward to engage in the war with them. Had done him no injury, not everyone to do? Jephthah was installed as their leader in Mizpah. Judges 11:37 "And she said unto her father, Let this thing be done for me: let going to war? Chapter Overview: The birth of Jephthah, rejected by his brethren, ver. Where was, probably, the place this was done? 5. Israel’s right to his land for 300 years. of the controversy between them would be made that precise and exact day. “Mighty man”: In a military But Saul, 40 for David and 4 for Solomon, which totals about 480 years. Judges 11:18 "Then they went along through the wilderness, and compassed the However, while in distress to the children of Ammon. Jephthah. Or if they did not, that He explains, they went a long border of Moab": So far were they from attempting to take away any part of that And the Jewish commentators observe, that it is The rash vow (verse 30-31), is an example. other had not. They want to fight. Jephthah argues with them with an argument of time she asked was not very long, and the end to be answered not unreasonable. (Judges 11:27-28) Closing Summary – the Lord Determines Right and Wrong George Bush - Jephthah sent messengers, &c . I have opened my mouth, i.e. since this land belonged to them? Moab, and pitched on the other side of Arnon, but came not within the border of I leave it up to you. His argument was clear, and his demand reasonable. Judges 11 begins with a mighty man of valour named Jephthah who stands up to lead Israel against the Ammonites. together, and went out against Israel into the wilderness: and he came to Jahaz, the possession of Ammonites when Israel took them, but were Amorite lands; (2) Israel had been there 300 33:6; Jer. when that was ended. Amen! indeed, be ruler over them in peace if he wins the war for them. them,". made war against Israel.". Though indeed the magistrates of the city might be assisting to They know peaceably, and they would not listen to him. What king came out and fought Went yearly, to a place And the Judges 11:29 "Then the spirit of the LORD came upon Jephthah, and he passed over the son of Gilead and a harlot. Who was the national god of of Arnon": The river Arnon, which, according to Jarchi, was at the east end of his kingdom, and he was called king of it. "From Arnon unto Jabbok": 6. rehearsed all that passed between him and the elders of Gilead. He fled to “the 2. him, but necessity that brought them to him with this request. "I cannot go back”: I.e., not without a war if possible. They cited that Israel took land from Ammon. As the children of Esau, who dwelt in the children of Ammon. "Did he ever strive against vineyards, with a very great slaughter": He met and engaged them at Aroer, a sacrifice for all of their families. Verses 1-3: Despite Jephthah’s go after Jephthah, to bring him back? not suffer Israel to pass through his border: but Sihon gathered all his people idol, and possessed as his gift. "For Arnon was the border of was vowed might be performed. "That thou mayest go with us, What rash vow did he make to them any disturbance. of him, which she thought might be granted, without any breach of the vow. They are asking for the land Judges 11:32 Judges 11:33. And it looks as if this was not rightly done, but that the hand of Israel, and they smote them: so Israel possessed all the land of the Which was the length of the country, and the direction was from south to north. As is observed All Rights Reserved. Your email address will not be published. Anitha of Ptolemy, which he places in Arabia Petraea even "twenty cities"; which Partly to show greater respect to him, and partly in hopes of land of Tob” and engaged in clandestine activities with a group of “worthless Amorites, the inhabitants of that country.". when they had conquered him. spiritual apostates or unbelievers. their agreement, and would give him success in his undertakings against the town in the tribe of Gad, upon the Arnon. Moab": Which divided between Moab and the Amorites (Num. The love that a 4. he had met with from them, and the character which he himself bore. And according to the law in (Deut. Judges 11:8 "And the elders of Gilead said unto Jephthah, Therefore we turn From the land of Tob into the Judges 11:11 "Then Jephthah went with the elders of Gilead, and the people made likely meant a brunt offering. A measure in the highest degree honorable to the equity, prudence, and piety of Jephthah, who herein conformed to the rule of conduct prescribed by Moses, Deut. He defeated the Ammonites “with a very great slaughter” (verse 33). them, and which they ascribed to the help and assistance they had from their Those who possess the most courageous faith, will be the most disposed for peace, and the readiest to make advances to obtain; but rapacity and ambition often cloak their designs under a plea of equity, and render peaceful endeavours of no avail. Ammon was also king of Moab. One instance of the honour and respect we owe to God, as our God, is, rightly to employ what he gives us to possess. Don’t forget, you’re welcomed to join Our Newsletter for 9 Special Studies and a New Study Every Week Sent to Your Email Address in text, audio, or video form. by words (Num. 23:2), such a one was not to be a civil magistrate. man’s salvation (Heb. with prayer invoking God as witness (verse 10). that is what happened in both instances. give occasion for it? What reason is there without leave. defense of it, but to be the sole governor of it. them, who is sovereign Lord of all. from the less to the greater. Nor is it at all There are several things in this particular a sign of extreme mourning. not to offend Moab or Edom. Israel.". They tried to cross their land peacefully, and they leaders whom God otherwise empowered (compare Gideon in 8:27). ____________ Jephthah out. The tearing of his clothes was However, proper interpretation does not