In mid-September, the insignificant rosettes produce incredible 1' tall spikes spiraled with small, white bell-shaped flowers, emitting a delightful fragrance often described as a cross between vanilla and jasmine. The foliage and growth habit are the same as in the species. The upper part of the flower is white, while the lip is a contrasting purple. They have a hard texture and do not break easily. (Hardiness Zone 6-9), Bletilla striata 'Lips' (Lips Chinese Ground Orchid) This unusual Japanese selection has a purple-pink flower with 3 lips per flower instead of one...still quite rare. In medieval Europe, a philosophy known as the "doctrine of signatures" held that a plant's appearance indicated how mankind should use it; thus, orchids became widely used to enhance male sexual prowess. They have a great reputation of being the absolute easiest orchid for a beginner to grow. The plant is generally considered hardy without a mulch if minimum winter temperatures do not go below 25 °F. Bletilla Penway Dragon (formosana × szetschuaunica) appears to be one of the exciting new hybrid grex if it becomes more available. This bizarre orchid produces a solitary, large, 8" tall green and white vertically striped leaf that remains up from fall until late spring. Tipularia discolor is widespread in dry woodlands from New York south to Texas. The name Bletilla literally means "little Bletia" which is a New World orchid genus that it resembles. Bletilla ochracea 'Chinese Butterfly' is hardy ground orchid native to China and Vietnam. What thrilled us was that this hardy orchid has been the fastest multiplying of the Calanthe in our garden. Orchid backbulbs have dormant buds that will become active again when separated from the pseudobulb and planted. The 8" flower spike emerges in early spring and contains up to a dozen flowers, each creamy-to-light pink with a darker pink/purple lip. Light green pleated leaves give rise to a single inflorescence that has up to 12 mauve pink nodding blooms in spring. New leaves and flowers arise from the pseudobulbs for one growing season. This species is easy to grow, provided it is kept dry in the winter. Habenaria species like to live slightly up slope of calopogon but can still be considered moisture lovers. Collectors mounted expensive expeditions that were shrouded in secrecy, misinformation, danger and violence. The genus name Calanthe is derived from the Greek word kalos (beautiful) and anthos (flower). While the clumps do not need regular division, they can be divided to produce more plants. Orchids have a reputation as fussy, difficult plants, but some species of hardy orchids are no harder to grow than any other perennial plant. Each flower stalk is topped with 3-5 small, creamy yellow flowers, each highlighted with a purple and yellow speckled lip. The 3-4" long green leaf, often purple spotted, grows in the winter and goes summer dormant. The best place to plant these is at the base of a tree which will keep the ground dry during the winter and thus ensure their survival. It is a genus of around 30 species that has a worldwide distribution in the northern hemisphere. 374-375Weaver, R.E., and Stoutamire, W.P., (2008), Bletilla Species: Spring-flowering Orchids with Mass Appeal, in: Orchids; the magazine of the American Orchid Society, Vol 77 (5), pp.