Later Citizenship Act was amended for the first time in the next year, 1986. It is a part of the Assam Accord which came at the culmination of a movement against immigration from Bangladesh. Clause 6 is meant to give the Assamese people certain safeguards, which would not be available to migrants between 1951 and 1971. The National Register of Citizens (NRC) was updated based on this cutoff. All citizens of India who are part of: Among various recommendations, the key is the reservation of seats in Parliament, Assembly and local bodies; reservation in jobs; and land rights. While some have supported the Accord and Section 6A, others have opposed these. The elections conducted by the government were totally boycotted and violence based on linguistic and communal identities killed thousands in the state. Migrants those who had done so after 1971 were to be deported. The Assam Accord was a Memorandum of Settlement (MoS) signed between representatives of the Government of India and the leaders of the Assam Movement. 80 to 100% reservation in the parliamentary seats of Assam, Assembly seats and local body seats be reserved for the “Assamese people”. The movement culminated in the signing of the Assam Accord in 1985. The definition of “Assamese people” has been a subject of discussion for decades. Mandatory provision of an Assamese language paper for recruitment in state government services with alternatives for Barak Valley districts, BTAD and Hills Districts. Therefore, this act fixes March 25, 1971 as the cut-off date for granting citizenship to Bangladeshi migrants in Assam. Those who entered between 1961 and 1971 were to be denied voting rights for ten years but would enjoy all other rights of citizenship. Latest Current Affairs in about Assam Accord. So it only depends on effectiveness of the state and central government to implement the provisions and clauses of the accord. It was signed in the presence of the then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi in New Delhi on 15 August 1985. Latest Current Affairs in about Clause 6 of Assam Accord. To examine, whether the Section 6-A violated the Constitution and contradicted other provisions of the Citizenship Act, 1955. During the Assam agitation, the demand was for detection and deportation of migrants who had illegally entered Assam after 1951. Clause 6 of Assam Accord states that “Constitutional, legislative and administrative safeguards, as may be appropriate, shall be provided to protect, preserve and promote the cultural, social, linguistic identity and heritage of the Assamese people”. Finally, to cope up with the situation, the then Rajiv Gandhi government signed a Memorandum of Settlement (MoS) with the leaders of the movement on 15 August 1985 called Assam Accord. all those foreigners who had entered Assam between 1951 and 1961 were to be given full citizenship including the right to vote. The All Assam Students’ Union (AASU), whose then leaders had signed the accord, backed the provisions of the Accord. Architect of Assam accord has passed away. © Copyright 2009-2019 GKToday | All Rights Reserved, Important Days & Events in Current Affairs. But some Assamese activists independently made the contents public. Land rights, with restrictions imposed on transferring land by any means to persons other than “Assamese people”. The committee has proposed that the following be considered Assamese people for the purpose of Clause 6. The Assam Accord, however, set the cutoff on March 24, 1971. Headed by retired High Court judge Biplab Kumar Sarma the committee was asked to fast-track its report. We ask students to login via google as we share a lot of our content over google drive. On language, it recommends: Bank Details: The Assam Accord was a Memorandum of Settlement (MoS) signed between representatives of the Government of India and the leaders of the Assam Movement in New Delhi on 15 August 1985. Since then, a huge number of facts and figures have been put in front of the court about the Section 6A, Assam Accord and Migrants issue. Also, at the time of signing of record, an all-party consensus was obtained. This is because the new rule by the central government is in contrast to Article 6 of the Constitution, according to which the cut-off for determining citizenship in India is July 19, 1948. To set up Academies for all-round development of each of the indigenous tribal languages including, Bodo, Mishing, Karbi, Dimasa, Koch-Rajbongshi, Rabha, Deuri, Tiwa, Tai and other indigenous languages. The section 6A of the act says that all those who came to Assam on or after 1 January, 1966, but before 25th March, 1971 from the specified territory (it includes all territories of Bangladesh at the time of commencement of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 1985), and since then are residents of Assam, must register themselves under section-18 for citizenship. The years between 1979 and 1985 witnessed huge political instability, collapse of state government, president’s rule and unprecedented ethnic violence in Assam. As immigrants up to the cutoff date would get all rights as Indian citizens, so Clause 6 was inserted to safeguard the socio-political rights and culture of the “indigenous people of Assam”. I mastered the art of clearing UPSC CSE Prelims and in the process devised an unbeatable strategy to ace Prelims which many students struggle to do, THE SCHEME FOR FINANCIAL SUPPORT TO PPPS IN INFRASTRUCTURE (VIABILITY GAP FUNDING SCHEME), Quiz 2020: Prelims Power Play 12 November 2020, Restricting acquisition of immovable property by foreigners. It submitted its report in Feb but the government did not make its contents public. The panel recommends the Assamese people be given: Several other recommendations deal with language and cultural and social rights. The section 6A in the Citizenship Act, 1955 contains the provisions with respect to citizenship of persons covered by the Assam Accord (1985). GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. LTD is the parent company of CIVILSDAILY IAS. As per this accord: In recent years, several petitions have been filed in the Supreme Court against the constitutional validity of the Section 6A in the Citizenship Act. I have the distinction of clearing all 6 UPSC CSE Prelims with huge margins. To access the same, a google account is a must. Following widespread protests against the CAA, the government gave an urgent push to Clause 6 to pacify the Assamese community. The foreigners were classified under three heads for identification and differential treatment under Clause 5 of the Assam Accord. Assamese community, residing in the Territory of Assam on or before January 1, 1951; or, Any indigenous tribal community of Assam residing in the territory of Assam on or before January 1, 1951; or, Any other indigenous community of Assam residing in the territory of Assam on or before January 1, 1951; or, All other citizens of India residing in the territory of Assam on or before January 1, 1951; and. In December, 2014, a two-judge Bench of Justices Rajan Gogoi and RF Nariman suggested the matter to be put before a five-judge Constitution Bench. A/C Name: APEIROGON TECHNOLOGIES PVT. The section 6A in the Citizenship Act, 1955 contains the provisions with respect to citizenship of persons covered by the Assam Accord (1985). LTD It set March 25, 1971, as the cut-off date for the deportation of illegal migrants. Several groups from Assam such as Assam Sanmilita Mahasangha, Asam Sahitya Sabha, Assam Public Works and All Assam Ahom have challenged the section 6A of the act in the court, citing reason that the section is showing discrimination in grant of citizenship to the migrants in the country. This section was introduced through an amendment made in 1985, in the Citizenship Act, 1955. For recognition as citizens, the Accord sets March 24, 1971, as the cutoff. APEIROGON TECHNOLOGIES PVT. Here are some of the sayings of the political groups/organisations: Recently, the central government decided to constitute a nine member committee with representatives from the Centre, the state government and AASU to ensure time-bound implementation of all clauses of the Accord. In February 2019, the Centre appointed a committee to suggest ways to implement Clause 6 of the Accord. Six year agitation demanding identification and deportation of illegal immigrants was launched by the All Assam Students’ Union (AASU) in 1979 concluded with the signing of the Assam Accord. It followed a six-year agitation that started in 1979. But as of now very less has been done by the government in this regard. https://www.civilsdaily.com/burning-issue-assam-nrc/. If IAS is your destination, begin your journey with Santosh Sir. Clause 6 of the Assam Accord states that central government will come up with constitutional, legislative and administrative measures to protect, preserve and promote the cultural, social, linguistic identity and heritage of the indigenous communities of Assam. Crisp news summaries and articles on current events about Clause 6 of Assam Accord for IBPS, Banking, UPSC, Civil services. The government will have special focus on Clause-6. This section was introduced. During the Assam agitation, the demand was for detection and deportation of migrants who had illegally entered Assam after 1951. Its brief was to define the “Assamese people” and suggest measures for the safeguard of their rights. It reads: “Constitutional, legislative and administrative safeguards, as may be appropriate, shall be provided to protect, preserve and promote the cultural, social, linguistic identity and heritage of the Assamese people.”. Since the cut-off date prescribed under articles 5 and 6 of the Constitution was July 19, 1949 - to give force to the new date, an amendment was made to the Citizenship Act, 1955, and a new section was introduced. Assamese language shall continue to be official language throughout the state with provisions for use of local languages in Barak Valley, Hill Districts and the Bodoland Territorial Area Districts. The Assam Accord, however, set the cutoff on March 24, 1971. Also, the work for fencing the India-Bangladesh border with barbed wire is in progress for strengthening border security and checking infiltration. The National Register of Citizens (NRC) was updated based on this cutoff. Government has also promised for the National Register of Citizens (NRC) in Assam and has set December 2017 as the date for completion of the process. If the recommendation is accepted, those who migrated between 1951 and 1971 would be Indian citizens, but they won’t be eligible for safeguards meant for Assamese people”. From UPSC perspective, the following things are important : In February, a government-appointed committee had submitted its recommendations for implementation of Clause 6 of the Assam Accord, a key provision that has been contentious for decades. First Published: June 6, 2017 | Last Updated:June 6, 2017. Several committees have been set up over the years to make recommendations on the implementation of Clause 6. The Assam Sanmilita Mahasangha has opposed the accord stating that a different cut-off date for regularising illegal migrants who enter Assam is against the constitution. The union said that the accord has provisions for detection and deportation of foreigners, apart from providing constitutional safeguards to the indigenous people. A/C No: xxxxxxxxxx2695 Crisp news summaries and articles on current events about Assam Accord for IBPS, Banking, UPSC, Civil services. It also laid down the facts that Assam Accord has failed to fulfil its promise of deporting illegal Bangladeshi migrants, which has changed the demographics of Assam to large extent and it now poses threat to constitutional and economic safeguards of indigenous communities of the state. 80 to 100% of Group C and D level posts (in Assam) in central government/semi-central government/central PSUs/private sector, 80 to 100% of jobs under Government of Assam and state government undertakings; and 70 to 100% of vacancies arising in private partnerships. None of them made headway on the provision’s contentious issues, however, until the latest CAA move.